How To Make The Perfect Espresso Shot

Maybe you’re curious about home-brewed espresso.

Maybe you just bought your first espresso machine and are eager to get started.

Either way, we know what you are looking for:

The perfect shot of espresso.

We don’t blame you.  In fact, we seek the same thing.

Homebrewing is definitely the way to do it.  If you’re new to the world of espresso,we’re here to help.

Consider this guide everything a beginner needs to make a perfect shot of espresso every single time.

Getting Ready


Like most great things, espresso takes some preparation.

In this case, the most important part of that preparation comes down to making sure you are fully equipped to pull high quality shots.

So the first thing you’ll need is a high quality home espresso machine.  It’s vital that your machine is actually able to produce espresso that is up to your own standards.  Our advice is to weigh the advice of reviewers online but to choose a machine that makes sense for you.

If you’re relatively new to the homemade espresso, it may be tempting to select a model with all sorts of features and automation.  However, if you really want to be able to make the perfect espresso shot, your best bet is to go with something simple and reliable.

You’ve also got to make sure you have the proper tools—most importantly a quality tamper, burr grinder, and proper espresso cup.

Then of course, you’ll need your favorite espresso beans.

This is just the first of a series of crucial choices that have a big hand in determining your final product.

The Adjustables


Controlling the variables when you make espresso shots is extremely important.

Some simply contribute to various qualities and characteristics of your brew.  Others can make or break your espresso completely.

Among the most crucial factors that going into your final brew are:

Coffee Beans

The beans you use has everything to do with the character of what winds up in your cup.  For beginners, we recommend sticking with one kind of bean until you are able to produce consistent results.  This way, you’ll better be able to tell what is affecting your espresso in what ways moving forward.

Water Quality

Poor water quality will not only ruin your espresso, but inevitably, your machine itself.  If you don’t know much about your water quality, it’s vital that you find out then take any necessary steps to eliminate any unwelcome compounds in the supply.

Grind Fineness

The best beans will mean absolutely nothing if your grind isn’t right.  We always recommend a top-notch burr grinder with different available levels of adjustment.  For beginners, a good rule of thumb is to watch for the point at which your coffee grinds begin to clump.

Tamp Pressure

The proper tamp is so crucial to good espresso making because it is largely responsible for how the water flows through the coffee “puck”.  30 to 35 lb of pressure is the standard and it’s important that the pressure is applied evenly.

Water Temperature

Depending on your machine, you may not have the option of adjusting your water temperature.  But if you can, this is one way that you can manipulate the taste and color of your espresso.

Beverage Yield

Yield is all about how much brewed coffee winds up in your cup.  In a way, this variable is more like a diagnostic that helps you see whether or not adjustments need to be made to your process in order to produce espresso of your desired strength and character.

It’s best that beginners play the brew process conservatively.

Taking things slow will greatly reduce any potential frustration you may encounter.

The less you tinker with when you’re just learning, the faster you’ll be pulling consistently enjoyable espresso.

The Perfect Pull


In case you don’t know, espresso shots are “pulled” from a machine.

Some machines handle the entire process.  Others require the user to be more hands on.

We recommend simpler machines for newbies and highly adjustable machines for those who have developed a bank of experience and know what they like.

When it comes right down to it, this is where it’s determined whether your shot of espresso is perfect or undrinkable.

Follow these steps to set yourself up for homebrewing success:

1 Preheat Machine

There is perhaps nothing more important to well-brewed espresso than a fully preheated machine.  Before you brew, make sure your machine has reached your desired temperature.  But more than just the reservoir, make sure the grouphead and your portafilter are warm too by running water through the machine pre-coffee.  You can also heat your cup with the same water if your machine does not have a cup heating surface.

2  Fill Portafilter

Once you’ve wiped your freshly warmed grouphead and portafilter, take the latter to your grinder and fill it up.  Assuming you’ve selected an appropriate grind fineness, you’ll need roughly 9g of ground coffee for a single shot and twice that for a double.  Be sure to distribute your grounds evenly, leaving no air spaces and a level top before you tamp them down into a puck.  As you release pressure on the tamp, twist it away so that your puck is polished and your tamp is clean.

3  Infuse

Now that you’re finally ready to brew, reattach your full portafilter.  If your machine has any sort of pre infusion stage, it’s important to initiate this first.  Once you’re to this point, pulling a shot of espresso should only take 25-30 seconds to complete.  Liquid should begin to dispense from the portafilter around 5 seconds.  That flow should condense into one stream by the 9 second mark.  A few seconds later, the color should lighten from the initial dark brown into a lighter hue.  And then—near the very end—you’ll get crema gold.

Once it’s done, you’ll be left with a lovely shot of espresso ready to be mixed, foamed, creamed, or otherwise served however you like.

Do this a few times and the process becomes more automatic.  You’ll be able to impress your friends or simply treat yourself to really good espresso consistently.

However, we know you want more than just a really good cup of espresso.

Once you start to home-brew, it’s all about the perfect cup.

How to make the perfect espress shot

In-Depth guide on espresso making

Discovering YOUR Perfect

Everyone knows the old cliché: “Practice makes perfect.”

And it’s so true.  Especially when it comes to making espresso.

As you grow as your own barista, you’ll learn the nuisances of your own machine, different beans, grind fineness, and other factors that can affect the character of your cup.

If you want your perfect shot of espresso, you’ll have to find it.

This will require you to try cup after cup.  If you aren’t up to that challenge, abandon your quest for the perfect espresso shot: it eludes all without resolve.

Lucky for true espresso freaks that’s never been a problem.

Have questions, comments, or care to share how YOU make the perfect cup?  Please drop them below!  We are always ready to help homebrew rookies and eager to talk shot with other junkies like ourselves so don’t be shy.

We will be happy to see your thoughts

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